World Water Day 2014
[Source: water-drop.enea.it/] The World Water Day 2014 has been dedicated to Water and Energy. They are in fact closely interlinked and interdependent. Energy generation and transmission requires utilization of water resources, particularly for hydroelectric, nuclear, and thermal energy sources. Conversely, about 8% of the global energy generation is used for pumping, treating and transporting water to various consumers.
In 2014, the UN System – working closely with its Member States and other relevant stakeholders – is collectively bringing its attention to the water–energy nexus, particularly addressing inequities, especially for the ‘bottom billion’ who live in slums and impoverished rural areas and survive without access to safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, sufficient food and energy services. It also aims to facilitate the development of policies and crosscutting frameworks that bridge ministries and sectors, leading the way to energy security and sustainable water use in a green economy. Particular attention will be paid to identifying best practices that can make a water– and energy–efficient ‘Green Industry’ a reality.
In the occasion of the World Water Day 2014, the Accademia dei Lincei, organized in Rome on 21 March 2014 a National Conference dedicated to the “Sustainable Management of Mediterranean”, and ENEA, as Water–DROP Project Leader, was invited to present a poster on the project activities. During the Conference the demographic, migratory, political, economic, scientific and environmental aspects linked to the Mediterranean Area and the surrounding countries have been analysed. The goal of the Conference, organised by the Academy of the Lincei’s Environment Committee, was to focus on the main problems present in the clash of cultures, religions, and interests, and provide suggestions for the sustainable water management of Mediterranean.